FFBS - Fashion for Biodiversity Solutions GmbH is a RegTech Certification Body for the Fashion Industry.
Space Tech :
CONNECTING FASHION TO EARTH‘S BIODIVERSITY
Supported by BlockChain, including data from satellites, drones and the IoT which are used to generate a QR code on the label of the clothing
Biodiversity, abbreviated from the terms ‚biological‘ and ‚diversity‘, encompasses the variety of lifeforms found at all scales of biological organisation, ranging from genes to species to ecosystems.
The greatest biodiversity is found in the tropical regions of the world, particularly among tropical rainforests and coral reefs. Biodiversity is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by habitat destruction, population decline and extinction. There is a growing recognition that the level of biodiversity is an important factor in influencing the resilience of ecosystems to disturbance.
Biodiversity is a complex term that includes not only the variety of different animals (species diversity) but also the difference between animals of the same species (genetic diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. – National Geographics –
The more plant, insect, and animal species there are, the greater the biodiversity, and healthier the ecosystem
Global biodiversity is declining at unprecedented rate. We have lost 68% of the vertebrate population since 1970. Also, deforestation has left 70% of the species at the brink of extinction. Over a million species fall under endangered category, which are 12-20% of total number of estimated species on the earth.
Fashion raw material cultivation is the major contributor of soil degradation, deforestation, natural ecosystem conversion, global wide-scale pollution and for an un-repairable loss of biodiversity. Fashion industry is a one of the major contributors to biodiversity loss.
More than 200 million trees are chopped down every year for our fashion requirements. Conventional raw material agriculture pollutes and dries-up water resources and responsible for around 22% of insecticides and pesticides use, which are directly related to global warming. Fashion makes up 10% of humanity’s carbon emission (more than international flights and shipping combined).
According to the production forecast, global apparel sales could increase by up to 65% by 2030. At this pace, the fashion industry’s greenhouse gas emissions will surge more than 50 % by 2030 and will become the largest reason for earth’s biodiversity loss.
Introduction to EU Legislations on sustainable practices:
EU legislations on organic production is one of the most scientific compliances on earth.
Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council on organic production and labelling of organic products suggests sustainable agriculture which combines best environmental and climate action practices, a high level of natural resources and biodiversity preservation.
>> C2/Article 5/g/1: No application of any synthetic fertilizers such as urea, NPK, DAP etc.
C1/ Article 3/4: No application of synthetic pesticides (including herbicides, insecticides, fungicides) or growth.
>> C3/Article 11: No use of genetically modified organisms (GMO) such as Bt-cotton varieties.
>> C2/ Article 6/ d: Crop rotation (for example, no cotton after cotton in the same field) and/or intercropping.
>> C3/ Article 15/ Part 3/1.8: Prevent spray drift from neighbouring conventional fields, e.g. by growing border crops or a buffer zone.
>> C3/Article 29/9/c: Maintain records and documents for inspection and certification (Mass Balance Sheet).
>> C1/Article 3/ 35: energy from renewable sources.
>> C1/Article 3/ 38: Strictly no water pollution.
>> C1/Article 3/ 49: traceability.
>> C1/ Article 3/3: preventive measures: preservation of environment, biodiversity, and soil quality.
Traceability is the capability to trace and, in some cases, it is interpreted as the ability to verify the history, location, or application of an item by means of documented recorded identification.
Traceability, in the context of the consumer product industry, stands for the ability to trace the origin of a product. The information on a product label, may need to contain information, which facilitates the tracking of a product, and of the company held accountable for social or ecological compliances. Product traceability offers an effective solution for quality assurance throughout the supply chain as per the European law of traceability.
>> Existing legislation for traceability in EU:
In recent times, the industry has witnessed a tight regulatory environment (such as Lieferkettengesetz, EU action plan on circularity, French due diligence etc.) and huge awareness among new generations around transparency in fashion. As a result, fashion brands have now shifted their priorities, towards a traceable and sustainable value chain management. As per the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) report on Enhancing Transparency and Traceability of Sustainable Value Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector, multiple legislations for traceability have been introduced in the European Union, and associate countries.
>> Chapter 1/Article 3/ 49 of regulation 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council, suggests traceability of each fashion article imported, manufactured, or sold in EU. The European Green Deal (2020) prioritizes transparency and traceability throughout supply chains, with the aim of making EU climate neutral by 2050. The European Green Deal suggests assessing circularity, and ecological impact of the fashion article, through extending traceability. German Supply Chain Due Diligence Act (LkSG) demands companies to take responsibility for the actions of all their supply chain partners — from suppliers of components to the businesses that further process, or sell the products manufactured. The French Climate & Resilience Law – Environmental Labelling for Products. This specific article is suggesting traceability to find environmental impact for apparel and footwear. • Dutch Agreement on Sustainable Garment and Textiles (2016) • Italian Regazzoni – Versace Law (No. 55/2010) • UN Global Compact and BSRs’ A Guide to Traceability: A Practical Approach to Advance Sustainability in Global Supply Chains (2014)
Despite having tight legislations, fashion companies are unable to control the sustainable practices across the supply chain, due to opaqueness or unreliability in traceability and zero visibility, of the raw material stage (T4 & T5). Authenticity of origin, of the raw material is often disputed, because of the lack of technology to trace T4 & T5 of the supply chain, which is vital for environment and biodiversity.
The existing blockchain traceability system, is based on data provided by initial supply chain members, with no cross-proofing procedure. This makes it trust based, and data can be manipulated or faked. Also, data related to environment, CO2 and GHGs are proxy.
The fashion industry needs an easy to use, and upgraded traceability system, where they have control over the entire supply chain and data related to the environment. It should be evidence-based and collected real time.